UAV, which are also called drones, are getting more popular now with every passing day. The fields of their application are very wide. As they can reach sites inaccessible or dangerous for people they are extremely useful for environmental monitoring and wildlife research. Due to easy deployment, drones become a powerful tool in the search and rescue mission, particularly in harsh conditions. In a place of natural or manmade disaster, drones provide a quick means to gather information, navigate debris with a portable and useful technology that doesn’t drown out cries for help and can be deployed by rescuing teams. With thermal sensors, drones can quickly discover the location of lost persons, and are particularly useful at night or in challenging terrain.
Carrying mapping cameras, UAV successfully do aerial photographic survey. Aerial photography is helpful for monitoring from above of construction project sites providing 3D modeling.
Regular aerial monitoring is also necessary to inspect complex infrastructure such as: pipe- and power lines, bridges and viaducts, plants and towers. The ability to sense in three dimensions, take thermal readings, and to detect metal strain will greatly improve infrastructure inspection.
3D mapping with the help of drones is worldwide used by mining companies to measure site conditions. Mineral and oil and gas exploration is a natural fit for drones, with field prospectors extending their toolset with aerial sensors to confirm and expand their insight. Magnetometers on aerial platforms can be used to detect ferrous metals and gravitational fields, with less of a disturbance due to their size. UVS are irreplaceable for meteorological forecasters and scientists studying hurricanes and tornadoes. Another popular field of UVS application is agriculture. Regularly monitoring crops, drones are able to notably improve management and efficiency of farming.